Author: herr9026bears

Integrating Technology into the field of Health Care by Diana Herrell

Today, the ways things are done in many fields of employment are changing. One field that things are changing in is the field of Health Care. Education in this field are also changing. Technology, such as the internet and other media, are helping change this field as well as making these changes possible.

The idea of problem-based learning has seen to be more successful in twenty-first century classrooms and training programs. Research has suggested that students learn better by putting skills to use in real life scenarios than just through lecture and other methods. http://www.thehindu.com/sci-tech/science/revamping-education-why-we-dont-learn-from-lectures/article5729917.ece. This article discusses how students are listening to lectures online and then putting their skills and knowledge to use in life like situations and projects. This can be applied to training those in the Health Care field both when they are in school and working.

The main way of using problem-based solving in the Health Care field is to expose students to cases that are similar to those they may encounter when they are practicing and working in the field. Research has shown this method to be effective. Using problem solving methods allows the students to gain experience and put what they have learned to use. This will allow managers in the Health Care field to be aware of the background of their future employees, when it comes to their education and how they were taught. Future employees, who learned via problem solving methods might be more prepared than those who learned for lecture and didn’t get to put their skills and knowledge to use.

Technology is at the core of the changing of the twenty-first century classroom as well as training programs. Managers need to be aware of the most effective technology when it comes to the field of Health Care. The internet makes it easier to gain access to current research as well as innovations. The internet also helps connect health care professionals and allow them to share ideas, gain knowledge, and give advice. Managers should be aware of the best place to access information that they need on certain conditions, illnesses, or even equipment. They should also be able to connect their employees to such information.

Other technology has been discussed in the news in how it relates to the field of Health Care. With new technology, we can monitor blood pressure, glucose, brain waves, activity, heart rate, respiration, and even body temperature. Technology even allows for imaging parts of the body and making a three dimensional reconstruction. Monitoring doesn’t only have to be done at a doctor’s office or hospital but can be monitored at the scenes of accidents and places where the incident or distress has occurred. Genes and DNA strands can also be looked at via technology. Files for patients are even accessible electronically and transported digitally. It is important that managers know how to use technology innovations in the field of Health Care as well as be aware of the skills concerning the technology that their employees have. Managers also need to be aware of when to accurately use this technology and make sure their employees have the appropriate training for such materials. I found http://health.usnews.com/health-news/hospital-of-tomorrow/articles/2013/07/12/how-technology-is-transforming-health-care to be a useful article in explaining how technology has affected the field of Health Care.

Another area of the Health Care field that has been subject to the integration and use of technology and the internet is Mental Health care. There have been implementation in some Mental Health education and professionals training of virtual reality methods. Counseling simulation and virtual role playing simulations have been studied to some extent in their effectiveness in Mental Health training. Simulation is even proving effective in EMT training, used to help practitioners build and sharpen their skills.

One study looked at an virtual role playing simulation developed by Kognito Interactive. This simulation allowed participants to practice challenging conversations when it came to someone with an at risk behavior, suicide, in this case. The goals of the simulation was to allow students and other trainees to develop and build real-life skills such as being able to identify behavior as a sign of psychological distress, discussing concerns with the person, motivating the person to seek help, and making a referral to services (Rudow, 2013, para. 3). A study was conducted to see how effective this training simulation was on developing the targeted skills.

The study showed an increase in all of the skills after the simulation. It showed an increase to referral to counseling services and an increase in the likelihood that the participant, themselves, would seek help if they were in psychological distress. Virtual simulations are not only be used to train those who are participants in Mental Health education but help people who need counseling as well. The above mentioned simulation was used for both. It has been found that seem people use counseling online due to being in the safety of their own home (Rudow, 2013, para. 5&7).  It is important for Mental Health professionals to be aware of what virtual simulations and counseling is out there being offered to people, who need assistance for psychological issues. They need to be aware because not all simulations may prove helpful and Mental Health professionals need to make sure that these simulations provide a disclaimer about how to seek real-life help for a problem.

Many counselors are using virtual techniques and other technology in their practice. In a world that highly uses technology and is motivated by it, it is important for Mental Health professionals to know how to appropriately use it. Integrating technology into one’s practice has been shown to be a positive thing. Counselors, who struggle in how to include technology in their practice can contact the ACA Cyber Task Force for assistance. As technology continues to expand, there is a need for research on how to best and appropriately use technology in the field of Mental Health (Rudow, 2013, para. 17&18). Overall, virtual simulations and other technology are being incorporated into many divisions of the Health Care field.

If you are a manager in Health Care or just interested in this field, there is plenty of research on the web. It will be interesting to see new technological inventions as the growth of the internet furthers and we become even more connected across the globe. Another few links I recommend taking a look at are http://www.webmd.com/health-insurance/technology-plays-key-role-in-health-care-reform and http://www.argusleader.com/article/20140223/NEWS/302230019/New-technology-expands-health-care-home. Both of these articles discuss innovations in technology and the changing of the Health Care field because of it. My recommendation for managers, employees, professors, and students in the Health Care field is to keep up on current research on new technology and be able to expand your skills when using appropriate new technology.

References

Rudow, H. (2013). Virtual role-play shows promise for addressing mental health. Counseling 

       Today: Online Exclusives. Retrieved from http://ct.counseling.org/2013/09/virtual-role-play-

       shows-promise-for-addressing-mental-health/.

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Integrating Technology into the Classroom by Diana Herrell

Currently, it is more important for classrooms to use technology to help expand a students’ learning than ever before. With the growth of the internet and invention of technology to make the internet more accessible and mobile, learning using technology and the internet has begun to increase. It is the instructor’s responsibility to select appropriate technology for the purpose of the class. Technology needs to be able to expand a student’s learning without detracting from it.

In my personal experience, technology can be both a blessing and a curse. Technology can be a blessing in the sense that resources and information not normally quickly accessed can be. However, the access of information, especially on the internet can come at the cost of plagiarism. Some instructors use digital-drop boxes and tools like turnitin.com to make sure that students do not plagiarize. Technology can also be a disaster if the instructor or student does not know how to properly use it. Instructors as well as students need to be advised and given instructions on how to use certain technologies. Properly integrating technologies into a classroom is also needed.

In chapter 21 of the textbook, Trends and Issues In Instructional Design and Technology, the ASSURE model is one such integration model of technology that is suggested. This model follows six steps that start with analyzing learners. Analyzing learners simply means identifying the students and their characteristics, learning styles, knowledge, special skills, and more. The next step is to understand and state the objectives of the class as well as the standards for technology that will be used. The third step is selecting the technology, media, and other materials. This step is based off of present skills of the students as well as what they expect to learn. Step four is to utilize technology, media, and materials, which means that the teacher will use the technology and other tools to help the students achieve their learning goals. The fifth step is to require learner participation through ways that will allow students to use and apply their new skills and knowledge that they have learned. The last step is to evaluate the achievement that has happened among the students mastery of the skills and the impact of technology and other tools in achieving this mastery of skills. This step allows for the instructor to change things about the course or technology and tools used if they need to.

Today, instructors in the United States and beyond are using technology in and out of the classrooms and conducted studies have shown the success of using technology. http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2013/12/131210-ipad-learning-education-space-science/. This link will take you to an article that discusses the use of IPads and tablets in the study of science. The research discussed in this link suggests that studying with a tablet can stimulate learning gains even in a short amount of time. It also suggests that tablets may be beneficial when studying complicated scientific concepts such as time or other large subjects. This article is just one that shows how the use of IPads and tablets is helping students in the classroom.

Another use of technology in the classroom that I find interesting is the innovative idea of flipped schools. Flipped schools or classrooms are where the student learns at home first and then does homework or projects at school. This idea is one that will need a lot of research to show its success but many parents seem pleased by it. This idea takes the cost of technology and the use of it almost away from the school and puts it on the parent. With most libraries offering computer and internet access and a lot of people having personal computers, this idea might help cut the cost of technologies that schools would have to pay for while also promoting technology and learning. This innovative idea is getting a lot of attention as some schools are showing improved test scores. Students in the case of flipped schools are watching lectures, that were prerecorded, outside of the school day and then doing homework and projects together during the school day. This allows students to ask instructors for help if they run into a problem. Two articles/links that I feel discuss flipped classroom well are http://www.pbs.org/newshour/rundown/what-does-a-flipped-classroom-look-like-2/ and http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vzPJ6XNWcwY. Time and research will show and tell if this new innovative model of teaching is successful and useful or not.

Overall, technology is important in today’s society. Most jobs want people who have basic computer and internet skills. I think that it is important to integrate appropriate technology into the classroom at an early grade level so students can learn and improve not only their learning but their skills with certain modes of technology. Today’s society is becoming more and more connected and quickly accessing information. Instructors need to incorporate the internet and other resources into classroom instruction so students don’t fall behind in skill level. Technology has also been shown to be helpful in teaching difficult concepts to students. More research is needed on what technology is appropriate to use with students and just how it impacts them. Instructors need to move from a traditional classroom into a 21st century classroom.